How will Israel and the US respond to Iran's attack on Israel? | DW News

DW News
14 Apr 202426:31

Summary

TLDRIn a significant escalation, Iran launched an aerial assault on Israel with over 300 missiles and drones, most of which were intercepted by Israel's Air Defense Force and international allies. The attack, claimed by Iran as retaliation for an attack on its consulate in Syria, marks the first direct military engagement with Israel. International condemnation has been widespread, with the US reaffirming its support for Israel and calling for a diplomatic response. The situation remains tense as the potential for further escalation looms, with global implications for regional stability and energy markets.

Takeaways

  • 🚨 Iran launched an aerial assault on Israel involving over 300 missiles and drones, marking the first direct military attack by Iran on Israel.
  • πŸ›‘οΈ Israel's Iron Dome air defense system, with assistance from the US and other strategic partners, intercepted almost all incoming missiles and drones, with 99%ζˆεŠŸηŽ‡.
  • πŸ’₯ Despite the high volume of projectiles, only minor damage was reported in Israel, and one child was critically injured.
  • πŸ›οΈ The Iranian Revolutionary Guard claimed the attack was in retaliation for an alleged Israeli attack on Iran's consulate in Syria on April 1st, which resulted in 16 deaths, including Iranian generals.
  • 🌎 International condemnation of Iran's actions was widespread, with leaders from the US, UK, and other countries expressing support for Israel and calling for de-escalation.
  • πŸ“ž Following the attack, US President Joe Biden communicated with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, reiterating the United States' ironclad support for Israel and emphasizing the need for diplomatic efforts to prevent further escalation.
  • πŸ•ŠοΈ UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres criticized the Iranian escalation, and an emergency UN Security Council meeting was called to address the situation.
  • πŸ”„ The US and Israel are expected to consider their next steps carefully, with the US urging against a wider regional escalation.
  • 🀝 Israel's Defense Minister Yav Galant praised the Israeli forces and acknowledged the support from allies during the attack.
  • πŸ” The situation has raised concerns about the potential for further escalation and the impact on regional stability and global energy markets.

Q & A

  • What event triggered Iran's aerial assault on Israel?

    -Iran's aerial assault was in retaliation for an attack on its Consulate in Syria on April 1st, which resulted in the deaths of 16 people, including several Iranian generals.

  • How did Israel respond to the missile and drone attack?

    -Israel's Air Defense Force, supported by strategic partners, intercepted almost all of the incoming missiles and drones, with 99%ζˆεŠŸηŽ‡. However, some ballistic missiles reached Israeli territory, causing minor damage and injuring a child.

  • What was the international reaction to Iran's attack on Israel?

    -The attack was widely condemned internationally. President Joe Biden reiterated the United States' ironclad support for Israel, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres criticized the serious escalation by Iran, and the UN Security Council called for an emergency meeting. Germany's foreign minister, Heiko Maas, and British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak also condemned the attack, expressing concerns about regional stability.

  • What was the role of the United States in this incident?

    -The United States provided significant support to Israel during the attack. President Biden confirmed that US forces helped Israel take down nearly all of the incoming drones and missiles launched from Iran. Additionally, the US plans to convene the G7 countries to plan a diplomatic response to the attack.

  • How did the Israeli public experience the attack?

    -Air raid sirens sounded across Israel, and explosions were heard in Jerusalem. The Israeli authorities initially asked people to stay close to air raid shelters, but later gave the all-clear. The event was described as a tense and noisy night, with chaos in the streets and people running for cover.

  • What are the potential implications of this direct attack on Israel by Iran?

    -This marks the first time Iran has launched a direct military attack on Israel, despite decades of hostilities. The event could potentially escalate the conflict between the two nations and possibly involve other regional actors, leading to a wider regional conflict.

  • What is the current status of the airspace and civilian safety in Israel following the attack?

    -The airspace has been reopened, and Israeli authorities have given the all-clear, indicating that civilians no longer need to stay close to air raid shelters. However, the Israeli Army remains on high alert.

  • What was the strategic significance of the attack's timing and execution?

    -The attack's timing, two weeks after the incident in Syria, and its execution, with a large number of drones and missiles, were intended to demonstrate Iran's capabilities and willingness to retaliate. However, the lack of significant damage and casualties could impact the perception of Iran's military effectiveness.

  • What are the potential next moves for Israel in response to the attack?

    -Israel's response will be determined by its war cabinet, considering the advice and intelligence from its allies. The options range from a measured response targeting the military installations that launched the attack to a more aggressive approach that could involve Iran's nuclear program.

  • How might this incident affect energy markets and global shipping?

    -While the current situation has not significantly affected energy exports, any disruption in the Strait of Hormuz, a major energy supply route, could have significant global implications. Increased tensions could lead to higher shipping insurance costs and potential delays in shipping, impacting global energy markets.

  • What diplomatic efforts are being made to deescalate the situation?

    -The United States and other countries, including Germany, have been engaging in diplomatic efforts to prevent further escalation. The G7 meeting and the UN Security Council's emergency meeting are part of these efforts to encourage a return to measured responses and prevent a full-scale regional conflict.

Outlines

00:00

πŸ’₯ Iran's Aerial Assault on Israel

The Israeli Army reported an aerial attack launched by Iran, involving over 300 missiles and drones. Almost all the missiles were intercepted by Israel, aided by the United States, the UK, and Jordan. Air raid sirens sounded across Israel, with explosions heard in Jerusalem. The Iranian Revolutionary Guard claimed the assault was in retaliation for an attack on its consulate in Syria on April 1st, which killed 16 people, including several Iranian generals. This marks the first direct military attack on Israel by Iran, leading to widespread international condemnation. President Joe Biden reiterated the United States' unwavering support for Israel, while UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres criticized Iran's serious escalation. Israeli authorities have since given an all-clear, but the situation remains tense.

05:02

🀝 International Response and US Support

US President Joe Biden announced a G7 meeting to plan a diplomatic response to Iran's attack. After speaking with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Biden praised Israel's defense capabilities and confirmed that US forces assisted in intercepting drones and missiles. The US administration is keen on preventing further escalation, urging measured responses. The UN Security Council called for an emergency meeting, and Germany's Foreign Minister, Heiko Maas, condemned the attack, fearing regional chaos. Israeli Defense Minister Yav Galant praised the Israeli forces and allies for their support during the attack.

10:04

πŸ€” Analyzing Iran's Motives and Future Scenarios

DW's Middle East analyst, Shaie Rosenes, discussed the ease of Israel and the United States agreeing on a response to Iran's attack. The US sees the attack as mostly declarative, with minimal damage, while Israel views it as unprecedented and an attack on its sovereignty. The conversation between the two nations is expected to be a back-and-forth on how to agree on a response. The analyst also touched on the fact that Iran's response, though muted, indicates a shift from shadow warfare to direct attacks, depending on Israel's reaction. The discussion highlighted the delicate balance of power and the potential for further escalation if deterrence is not reestablished.

15:07

🌍 UN and International Stance on the Crisis

The UN Mission of Iran announced that the attack was a form of self-defense and declared the matter closed from their side, aiming to prevent further escalation. The Security Council is set to discuss the attack, and the UN's stance is crucial in maintaining international order. The episode also examined Iran's strategy, which involved announcing the attack in advance to minimize damage to Israel, and the potential implications for both sides' deterrence capabilities. The conversation underscored the complexity of the situation, with both sides needing to find a new equilibrium and the potential for uncontrollable escalation if missteps occur.

20:09

🚒 Regional Proxy Actions and Energy Market Implications

Hans Yakob Schindler from the Counter Extremism Project discussed Iran's proxies, such as Hezbollah and the Houthi rebels, and their potential actions in response to the attack. He highlighted Iran's past extra-regional attacks and the varying degrees of control it has over its proxies. Schindler also addressed the impact on energy markets, especially given the seizure of an Israeli-owned ship by Iran and the potential risk to the energy supply route in the Strait of Hormuz. He warned that any escalation in the region could significantly affect global energy prices and emphasized the importance of diplomatic efforts to deescalate the situation.

25:09

πŸ•ŠοΈ Diplomatic Efforts for De-escalation

Prior to the attack, the American administration made extensive diplomatic efforts to prevent it, urging various countries to dissuade Iran. Despite these efforts, the attack occurred, leading to an emergency G7 meeting and a Security Council session. China and Russia have also shown interest in preventing the situation from escalating further. The focus now lies on Israel's decision on how to respond, as the potential for escalation remains high. Schindler emphasized that while Iran can initiate escalation, it rarely has control over when it ends, highlighting the unpredictable nature of the situation.

Mindmap

Keywords

πŸ’‘Aerial Assault

An aerial assault refers to an attack launched from the air, typically involving the use of aircraft, missiles, or drones to target enemy positions or infrastructure. In the context of the video, an aerial assault was launched by Iran against Israel, with over 300 missiles and drones being fired.

πŸ’‘Iron Dome

Iron Dome is an Israeli air defense system designed to intercept and destroy short-range rockets and artillery shells. It is a key component of Israel's military defense and is used to protect against attacks from hostile forces. The system was active during the aerial assault described in the video,拦ζˆͺδΊ†ε€§ιƒ¨εˆ†ζ₯θ’­ηš„ε―ΌεΌΉε’Œζ— δΊΊζœΊγ€‚

πŸ’‘International Condemnation

International condemnation refers to the disapproval or denouncement by the global community of a particular action or event. In the video, the Iranian attack on Israel has been met with widespread international condemnation, with leaders and organizations expressing their opposition to the act of aggression.

πŸ’‘Retaliatory Attack

A retaliatory attack is a response to an initial act of aggression, intended as a form of revenge or punishment. In the context of the video, Iran claims its assault on Israel was a retaliatory action for an earlier attack on its Consulate in Syria.

πŸ’‘Deterrence

Deterrence in international relations refers to the strategy of discouraging an adversary from taking a particular action by threatening them with a negative consequence. In the video, the concept of deterrence is discussed in the context of Israel's and Iran's military capabilities and strategies, and how the recent events may have affected the balance of deterrence between the two nations.

πŸ’‘Proxy War

A proxy war is a conflict in which powerful nations or non-state actors use third parties to fight on their behalf, often to avoid direct confrontation. The video discusses the history of the proxy war between Israel and Iran, where Iran has used groups like Hezbollah and other proxies to attack Israel without direct military engagement.

πŸ’‘UN Security Council

The UN Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. In the video, the UN Security Council is mentioned in the context of an emergency meeting called in response to the Iranian attack on Israel.

πŸ’‘Critical Injury

A critical injury is a severe physical harm that poses an immediate risk to life or significant long-term damage. In the video, it is mentioned that a child was critically injured during the attack, indicating the human cost of the conflict.

πŸ’‘Diplomatic Response

A diplomatic response refers to the actions taken by nations to address international crises or conflicts through negotiation, dialogue, and other non-military means. In the video, the United States' diplomatic response to Iran's attack involves rallying support from allies and partners to deescalate the situation.

πŸ’‘Strategic Partners

Strategic partners are countries or entities that work closely together to achieve common goals, especially in matters of security, defense, or foreign policy. In the video, the term is used to describe the coalition that helped Israel defend against the aerial assault, highlighting the importance of international cooperation in conflict situations.

Highlights

Iran launched an aerial assault on Israel with over 300 missiles and drones.

Almost all the missiles were intercepted by Israel, with assistance from the United States, the UK, and Jordan.

Air Raid Sirens sounded across Israel, and explosions were heard in Jerusalem.

The Iranian Revolutionary Guard claims the assault is in retaliation for an attack on its Consulate in Syria on April 1st, which killed 16 people, including several Iranian generals.

This marks the first time Iran has launched a direct military attack on Israel despite decades of hostilities.

International condemnation of the Iranian attack has been widespread, with President Joe Biden reiterating the United States' ironclad support for Israel.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres criticized the serious escalation by Iran, and the UN Security Council has called for an emergency meeting.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas and British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak also condemned the attack, expressing concerns over regional chaos and pledging support for Israeli security.

Israeli authorities have given the all-clear, with people no longer needing to stay close to air raid shelters.

Correspondent Amen ISF reported a tense and noisy night in Jerusalem with active air defense systems.

Israeli military claims that over 300 drones and missiles were launched from Iran and other countries, with 99% intercepted before reaching Israeli territory.

One ballistic missile hit the Nevatim Air Base in the south, causing minor damage and critically injuring a child.

US President Joe Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu discussed the attack, with the US emphasizing the success of the defense against the attack and urging a measured response.

The Biden Administration is keen on preventing a wider regional escalation and is reaching out to partners and allies for a diplomatic response.

Israel's Defense Minister Yav Galant praised the Israeli forces for blocking the attack and acknowledged the support from allies.

DW's Middle East analyst Shaie Rosenanes discussed the potential for Israel and the United States to agree on a clear response to the Iranian attack.

Hans Yakob Schindler from the Counter Extremism Project commented on the attack, emphasizing the loss of deterrence on both sides and the potential for further escalation.

The attack highlights the delicate balance in the Middle East and the need for both sides to find a new equilibrium.

The incident may have long-term implications for energy markets and shipping routes, especially in the Strait of Hormuz, which is a major energy supply route.

Diplomatic efforts from Israel's allies in Europe, including Germany, are underway to deescalate the situation.

Transcripts

00:00

an aerial assault launched by Iran

00:02

against Israel overnight the Israeli

00:04

Army says more than 300 missiles and

00:06

drones were fired almost all the

00:09

missiles were intercepted by Israel and

00:11

the United States the UK and Jordan also

00:14

shot down drones now Air Raid Sirens

00:17

sounded across Israel and explosions

00:19

were heard in

00:21

Jerusalem the Iranian revolutionary

00:23

guard says the assault is in retaliation

00:25

for an attack on its Consulate in Syria

00:27

on April 1st which killed 16 people in

00:30

including several Iranian generals it is

00:32

the first time Iran has launched a

00:34

direct military attack on Israel despite

00:36

Decades of

00:39

hostilities now there has been

00:41

widespread International condemnation of

00:44

the Iranian attack President Joe Biden

00:46

repeated the United States Ironclad

00:48

support for Israel Secretary General

00:50

Antonio gues criticized what he called a

00:53

serious escalation by Iran the UN

00:55

Security Council has called an emergency

00:57

meeting Germany's foreign minister

00:59

analena B also condemned the attack

01:01

saying it could plunge the entire region

01:04

into chaos and British prime minister

01:06

Rishi sunak called The Assault Reckless

01:09

and vowed to stand up for Israeli

01:13

security Israeli authorities have now

01:15

given the all clear meeting people no

01:17

longer need to stay close to air raage

01:19

shelters but our correspondent amen ISF

01:21

says it was a tense and Noisy Night in

01:27

Jerusalem as you can hear the sirens are

01:29

going off as you can hear sirens are

01:32

going off in Jerusalem you can see Iron

01:35

Dome is active uh the air defense is

01:37

active in the skies uh so we're going to

01:40

head to a shelter now but uh a lot of

01:43

Chaos in the streets a lot of screaming

01:45

uh people running uh for

01:48

cover let's get the very latest from our

01:50

correspondent Tanya Kramer joining us

01:52

now live from Jerusalem Tanya welcome

01:55

tell us the latest about the situation

01:57

in Israel this morning

02:01

while it is quiet for now but the Army

02:03

says they're remaining on high alert

02:05

however the airspace has reopened uh

02:08

we've been told uh so um but this comes

02:12

of course for many for Israelis and

02:14

Palestinians uh you know waking up after

02:17

such a night this is somewhat a

02:19

different reality after these direct and

02:23

unprecedented attacks uh from Iran uh to

02:27

uh on Israel now um are hearing more

02:31

details now also coming in this morning

02:33

from the Israeli military they said that

02:35

over 300 rones and missiles were

02:38

launched from Iran but also from other

02:41

countries such as uh from libanon there

02:43

were Rockets from Yemen but also some

02:45

from uh Iraq um they're saying that most

02:49

were intercepted uh um before they

02:52

reached Israeli territory by the Air

02:56

Defense Force by a coalition of

02:58

strategic partners as they are as the

03:01

Israeli military has said and they also

03:03

said that

03:05

99% uh were uh intercepted so uh with

03:10

some ballistic missiles however reaching

03:13

uh and hitting uh somewhere in Israel

03:16

one of them was hitting in they said the

03:18

never teim Air Base in the South uh we

03:21

don't have a full assessment there but

03:23

they're saying it was only minor damage

03:25

but also uh a child had been uh has been

03:29

uh injured critically injured

03:32

potentially by shner now of course after

03:35

all this happened the question is now uh

03:38

you know what will Israel do uh what how

03:41

will they retaliate how will their

03:42

response to this that is indeed the big

03:45

question here Tanya what do you think

03:47

Israel's next move will be are there

03:49

signs that we might see a swift

03:52

[Music]

03:54

retaliation well this is of course the

03:56

question right now there has been also a

03:58

phone call between US President Joe

04:01

Biden and prime minister Benyamin

04:03

Netanyahu in the course of the night and

04:06

there is an indication that the United

04:09

States they don't want to see a wider

04:11

Regional uh escalation coming uh out of

04:15

that uh they have also said that uh the

04:18

US helped actually Israel to take down

04:20

nearly all of the incoming drones and

04:22

missiles and that Israel should see this

04:24

as a success in a way uh that they could

04:28

uh um reboot all the those most at least

04:31

of those missiles coming in now uh it

04:34

will be in the hands now of the war

04:36

cabinet to decide the next steps uh

04:39

prime minister Benyamin nany and defense

04:41

minister um uh YF galand and we just

04:45

have to wait and see uh whether you know

04:48

how they will decide whether there will

04:49

be

04:50

retaliation and uh you know this could

04:53

affect of course most of the region here

04:56

and uh many don't want to see of course

04:59

wider escalation Tanya thank you so much

05:02

for your reporting that is Tanya Kramer

05:03

for us in

05:07

Jerusalem now US President Joe Biden

05:10

says he will convene the G7 countries to

05:12

plan a diplomatic response to Iran's

05:15

attack Biden announced the meeting after

05:17

speaking to Israeli Prime Minister

05:18

Benjamin Netanyahu by phone now Biden

05:21

told Netanyahu Israel demonstrated a

05:24

remarkable ability to defend against

05:26

unprecedented attacks sending a clear

05:28

message that Israel's security cannot be

05:30

threatened Biden also said the US has

05:33

not seen any attacks on its own troops

05:35

in the region but confirmed US forces

05:38

helped Israel take down nearly all of

05:40

drones of the drones and missiles

05:42

launched from

05:44

Iran let's get the perspective from

05:46

Washington DP DC and speak to our

05:49

reporter Stefan Simons Stefan Biden has

05:51

cut short his weekend trip to Delaware

05:53

to hold crisis talks with his National

05:55

Security team we know his defense

05:56

secretary uh Lloyd Austin earlier spoke

05:59

to his Israeli counterpart what has the

06:01

US said publicly about this

06:06

attack well of course the US president

06:10

as well as the entire Administration was

06:12

very very quickly to stand by Israel

06:15

officially and with statements this

06:18

Ironclad standing by Israel quote comes

06:21

from National Security Council statement

06:25

which was given on Saturday now the

06:27

president has reiterated that this will

06:29

be a us position that when Israel is um

06:34

attacked and has to defend itself uh the

06:37

US will do everything it can to support

06:41

Israel and so it did uh during this

06:43

attack from or drone and missile attack

06:45

by Iran uh the US is saying that it shut

06:48

down itself 70 missile SL drones uh

06:52

during this attack and helped Israel by

06:55

doing so defend itself but as um said by

06:59

my colleague Tanya Jerusalem the Biden

07:02

Administration is very very very keen on

07:06

really putting a lid on this now uh Iran

07:09

apparently has uh concluded or has said

07:12

the UN Mission the the Iranian Mission

07:15

permanent Mission at the UN has uh early

07:17

on relatively early on Saturday still uh

07:20

said okay that concludes the matter for

07:22

us we retaliate retaliated and the Biden

07:25

Administration is now as we also

07:27

reported uh in telephone calls and

07:30

communication with Israeli counterparts

07:31

saying now a a return to measured uh

07:35

responses is necessary not a retaliation

07:38

by Israel to not escalate this into a

07:40

wider fullscale regional conflict so

07:43

let's dig in a little bit more into into

07:45

Washington's support of course support

07:47

for Israel a Mainstay of of us um

07:51

Foreign Affairs over decades what do you

07:53

think Ironclad support promised here is

07:55

going to mean in concrete terms

08:00

two-prong approach uh that is militarily

08:03

speaking the United States has many many

08:05

assets Navy assets air defense Assets in

08:08

the region Red Sea uh uh straight of

08:11

Horus Eastern Mediterranean uh this is

08:14

sophisticated Weaponry uh fighter jets

08:17

and whatsoever um and there will be

08:21

defensive support for Israel uh that

08:23

doesn't mean boots on the ground US

08:25

military engagement with US soldiers

08:28

anywhere near or close or anywhere in

08:30

the region there uh on behalf of Israel

08:32

or anybody else uh but support with

08:35

military assets specifically

08:37

intelligence

08:38

geospatial um uh radar information and

08:42

intelligence etc etc uh this will come

08:44

from the United States and will be

08:47

continuously provided to Israel um

08:49

that's what that means on the other hand

08:51

it's of course diplomatic support and

08:53

that is and we see already the results

08:55

of this um it is reaching out to all

08:59

part partners and allies of the United

09:00

States not just NATO Partners uh and and

09:03

friends and uh in the in in Europe it

09:05

also partners and allies in the Middle

09:08

East and meaning by this Arab Partners

09:10

Qatar Saudi Arabia Jordan um the Egypt

09:14

those countries the US is trying to make

09:17

sure that um all of them are on the same

09:20

page in trying to deescalate here now uh

09:24

meaning to really prevent uh a fullscale

09:28

regional conflict from happening thank

09:30

you so much that is DW's Stefan Simons

09:33

in Washington

09:37

DC Israel's defense minister yav Galant

09:40

has praised the Israeli forces for

09:42

blocking the attack and he paid tribute

09:44

to Israel's allies for their

09:48

support the state of Israel has faced an

09:51

attack of hundreds of missiles and

09:53

drones the Israel Defense Forces have

09:56

done an impressive job of blocking the

09:58

offensive

10:01

together with the United States and

10:03

other partners we managed to defend the

10:06

territory of the state of

10:10

Israel the whole world saw tonight who

10:13

Iran really

10:15

is it's a terror state that attacks

10:18

Israel from a distance of 1,500 km and

10:22

tries to activate all of its proxies

10:30

but the world has also seen the power of

10:33

a coalition and how Israel stands

10:36

alongside the Us and other countries to

10:39

block this

10:42

attack and in the studio I'm now joined

10:44

by DW's Middle East analyst shaie

10:47

rosanes shaie good to see you again how

10:49

easy do you think it is going to be for

10:51

Israel and the United States to agree on

10:53

a clear response to this Iranian attack

10:55

it seems to be another uh battle coming

10:58

you know when it comes to Israel and

11:00

America uh trying to find together a a

11:02

response because the way the Americans

11:04

see it uh Israel needs to respond

11:06

according to the result which seems to

11:08

be quite a you know almost a poor one um

11:10

if the Iranians wanted to it seems like

11:12

the way

11:13

American Defense Forces are interpreting

11:16

is that that this was mostly a

11:17

declarative uh statement by the Iranians

11:19

we have shown to the Israelis we can we

11:21

are not afraid but eventually there's

11:23

very little uh damage done on the ground

11:26

more limited than it could have been

11:27

correct um and then on the other hand

11:30

when you look at Israelis they they

11:31

mostly focus on the fact this is

11:32

unprecedented um and that this is you

11:35

know an attack on Israel's sovereignity

11:37

and they uh focus on the intentions of

11:39

Iran and so now it's the battle between

11:41

Israel I mean the battle would be a

11:43

harsh word but it's going to be back and

11:44

forth on how to agree on a response is

11:46

it going to be determined by the intent

11:49

and um this is what Israel would want to

11:51

do and then the there's the Americans we

11:53

see them they're trying to bring down

11:54

the escalation they want to they are

11:56

very much not interested in a in a in an

11:58

escalation into their the regional war

12:00

and it's going to take we'll see a back

12:02

and forth the next day is definitely and

12:04

what does it tell you the fact that this

12:06

response from Iran was more muted it

12:08

sounds like than it could have been and

12:10

the fact that it took two weeks after

12:12

this attack on Iran's Embassy in

12:13

Damascus on April 1st um to see this

12:16

kind of response what does that tell you

12:18

well first of all there's a very clear

12:21

um chain of hierarchy and

12:22

decision-making in Iran that takes time

12:24

but it's also you know we we're used to

12:26

seeing this shedow war between Israel

12:28

and Iran this back and forth of of

12:31

attacks cyber attacks and so on a lot of

12:33

it uh in the shadows a lot of it not

12:34

unannounced and the decision here

12:36

definitely was was for the Iranians was

12:40

determined you know because of the

12:42

Americans uh and we've seen a lot of

12:44

communication Intelligence coming uh

12:46

about that it's back and forth there was

12:48

a need for the Iranians to show that

12:49

they are not afraid and this is also

12:50

something that connects back to October

12:52

7th the biggest asset that Israel lost

12:55

on October 7th is deterrence uh when the

12:57

Israelis launched the attack in Damascus

12:59

on October on April 1st um just two

13:02

weeks ago um the Assumption was that the

13:04

Iranians are not going to operate uh so

13:07

severely definitely not from Iranian

13:08

ground definitely not directly into

13:10

Israeli soil so the fact that the

13:12

Iranians have done that shows us there

13:13

something in the very delicate uh

13:16

balance in this war that has been Never

13:18

official but very clear has been broken

13:21

do you think we've reached in that sense

13:22

a point of no return here that we are

13:24

moving from this kind of Shadow Warfare

13:26

to a direct attack on Israeli very much

13:28

depends on the is response and this is

13:30

exactly what the Americans are trying to

13:31

do they're trying to prevent a response

13:32

that will you know bring to an

13:34

escalation but Israelis feel like one of

13:36

their their important needs in in their

13:39

long-term defense strategy is rebuilding

13:41

theer and that can only be done the way

13:43

they see it by being very aggressive in

13:45

their responses to any uh attempt for

13:48

any attack uh I don't think we will see

13:50

an immediate response in Israel um this

13:52

is also partially why you know the the

13:55

the pace that we're seeing in this kind

13:56

of conflict between Israel and Iran

13:57

takes time but the last word has not

13:59

been said yet shie thank you as always

14:01

that's our Middle East analyst shie

14:07

rosanes and we can speak now to Hans

14:10

yakob Schindler a senior director of the

14:12

counter extremism project thank you so

14:14

much for speaking with us on DW news I'd

14:17

like to start with your thoughts on what

14:19

has happened here what do you make of

14:21

the attack last

14:23

night thank you so much for having me it

14:26

was clearly a Iranian escalation which

14:29

is needless um and un unfortunately

14:32

really complicates things but it was an

14:35

escalation again with an Iranian twist

14:37

so what happened is immediately after

14:40

the drones and the rockets were launched

14:42

from Iranian territory Iranian State TV

14:45

officially announced the launch giving

14:47

the Israelis hours in the case of the

14:49

drones and very long time in the case of

14:52

the missiles to actually get ready to

14:54

defend themselves including with the

14:56

help of the Americans so clearly the

14:58

Iranians wanted to show make a show

15:00

force and minimizing the damage that

15:03

that show force would uh meet upon

15:06

Israel um in including then of course

15:10

getting their un Mission here in New

15:12

York and there's going to be a security

15:13

council meeting later today uh evening

15:16

time in Germany here in New York on this

15:19

attack uh getting the UN mission of all

15:22

places to announce that this could be it

15:24

from our side this is our retaliation

15:27

Case Closed if you choose to close the

15:30

case and then having the permanent

15:32

representative to say we no longer want

15:34

any escalation and we only made use of

15:37

our right to self-defense according to

15:40

the UN Charter which of course codly

15:42

negates the the point that it has to be

15:45

a proportional response and 300 rockets

15:48

and drones uh is not exactly a part in

15:51

the eyes of theion a proportional

15:54

response so if I understand you

15:56

correctly it sounds like you think in

15:57

this case Iran needs needed to be seen

16:00

to be doing something in response do you

16:03

think that Iran could have mounted a

16:05

stronger attack and whether this was

16:07

something it

16:09

considered yeah I mean they haven't put

16:11

out all the stops uh don't forget uh

16:13

hisbah is in effect fact uh the

16:16

extension of the Iranian regime in in

16:18

Lebanon it does have a very sizable

16:20

Arsenal that has the potential to

16:22

actually overwhelm Israeli air defenses

16:25

as we have seen in Ukraine it's not the

16:27

individual Shai drones of the Iranians

16:29

are the problem it's the number of Shah

16:31

drones that are fired that is the

16:33

problem and this number that was fired

16:35

last night clearly was not sufficient to

16:37

overwhelm the Israeli air defenses nor

16:40

in my opinion was it designed to do so

16:42

it was simply aure Force inside Iran now